Climate Change and Entomological Surveillance of Vector-Borne Diseases During Industrialisation Era in Tanzania

Research Summary/Problem:

Changes in mean climatic conditions and climate variability can affect human health, particularly via changes in biological and ecological processes that influence disease transmission and food yields. Climate is thought to represent a threat toward emerging new risk areas for transmission of vector-borne diseases globally. Climate plays as an important factor in both spatial and temporal distribution of vector-borne diseases such as Rift Valley fever, Dengue, Zika, Malaria, Chikungunya, Onchocerciasis and Schistosomiasis. The objective of this project is to explore the historical perspective of vector-borne diseases and industrialization in Tanzania, to explore the social and behavioral factors related to understanding of the role of climate change and industrialization on vector-borne diseases, and apply model-based approaches to evaluate influence of climate on distribution of suitable risk areas for transmission and distribution of disease risk areas in Tanzania based on the current entomological surveillance data.